3 Major Views on Creation

Young Earth Creationism:

  1. 6,000-10,000 year old earth and universe
  2. Genesis is to be taken at face value
  3. “Days” if Genesis are to be taken as literal 24 hour period days as we understand them.
  4. Represented by Christians such as Ken Ham who founded the Creation Museum and also Answers In Genesis which is a ministry dedicated to answering evolution and old earth claims. Another one is ICR or the institute for creation research.
  5. The genealogies are viewed and pretty exact, and span all of human history and most of all earth history.
  6. Various leaders in the early Church and throughout church history interpreted the days of Genesis literally.  Martin Luther interpreted the days literally.
  7. The worldwide flood and its massive upheaval is responsible for the earth’s layers.
  8. Ken Ham just debated Bill Nye the Science Guy on if Evolution is True or not. Can likely be found on you tube if you want to watch.

Intelligent Design Movement

  1. A movement that is not so much concerned with the age of the earth.
  2. It is concerned with showing that unguided evolution cannot explain Irreducible Complexity.

i.      Cilia

ii.      Eye

  1. Postulates that intelligence of some kind better explains conscious life than does unguided evolution.
  2. Represented by Bio-Chemist Michael Behe and others such as Phillip Johnson
  3. No so concerned with the interpretation of Genesis, for one could be for young earth or old earth creationism and still side with the movement on a number of issues.
  4. This is a relatively new view arising in the mid 1990’s and is more of a scientific and philosophical group of arguments.

Theistic Evolution — (may be understood as Old Earth Creationism, but they do not have to be understood together). I am using this as an umbrella term for a whole host of views held by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.

  1. These Christians think that modern mainstream science does not conflict in the age of the earth or universe with the Genesis record.
  2. View Genesis with a deep or at times even figurative meaning. Logical more so than Chronological arrangement in Genesis.
  3. Some think Adam and Eve were real persons and some don’t
  4. The genealogies are seen as not exact and only account for human life (or just some of human life) and not animal and plant life which in their view may have taken much longer.
  5.  These thinkers are not opposed to evolution at all and think that it was part of God’s handiwork.
  6. These thinkers deny that evolution is unguided.
  7. Various church leaders through church history that did not interpret the days of Genesis in a literal fashion. Augustine and Origen
  8. A modern Christian Exponent would be C.S. Lewis who wrote Mere Christianity or Francis Collins who was head of the Human Genome Project at one time.

Conclusions:

  1. Nowhere in the history of the church has there been unanimous agreement on how to interpret Genesis.
  2. It is wise of us to study and learn where we stand on the subject.
  3. It is unwise to utilize ones view on Genesis 1-3 as a litmus test for truth or falsity on other things or if one is a Christian or not.
  4. The difference of opinion through many centuries had nothing to do with what science was saying. There were good interpreters on both sides of the argument that both believed the Bible to be true. This is therefore not a question about the truth of the Bible but how to interpret a particular group of passages in the Bible.

What we must believe from the Genesis account no matter which option we think is most true:

  1. God Created the universe out of nothing and God is therefore incredibly powerful
  2. He alone is God and there is no other
  3. The creation is good
  4. Humans are the pinnacle of the creation.
  5. Human persons chose against God’s ideal will which has been called the “fall.”